Displaying items by tag: Nearest Stars
EZ Aqr is a triple red dwarf system 11 light years away. Star "C" of the triplet orbits every 3.8 days, the other one "B" has a 823 day period.
All three of the stars have an estimated mass of a tenth of our Sun. No planetary companions have been found as of yet.
Image from 2005 showing its proper motion through the sky.
Ross 248 or HH Andromedae is a red dwarf star currently located in Andromeda. At a distance of 103 light years, it is one of the closer stars. In about 33,000 years it will actually be the closest star for about 9,000 years as it comes with in 3 light years before continuing on. Despite its closeness, it shines only at a magnitude 12.3, so its not visible with out a telescope. As like many red dwarf stars, its also a flare star. No unseen companions have been detected around it so far.
As a closer star, some movement is visible in images taken years apart. This animation shows the movement over a 5 year period.
Trappist 1 is an ultra cool red dwarf star currently located in Aquarius. It is slightly larger than Jupiter, but with a mass of over 80 times that of of Jupiter. Three planets were discovered around it in 2015, with 4 more added in 2017. The star is a dim 18.9 magnitude, despite its closeness.
Images taken two years apart indicate it's proper motion across the sky.
Barnard's Star is a red dwarf located 6 light years away. At mag 9.5 telescope is needed to see it. It displays the highest motion across the sky (proper motion). It's motion is visible in images taken a year apart. My images from 2014-2020.
Wolf359 is a red dwarf star at a distance of 7.8 light years away from Earth. Located in the constellation of Leo it is one of the nearest stars. It is also one of the faintest low mass stars known. So despite its closeness, it takes a telescope to see it as it shines at a dim magnitude 13.5. A relative young star at less than 1 billion years, as a red dwarf, it will survive for a trillions of years. It is also a flare star with a high rate of flares. It possibly has two planetary objects around it. The Wolf designation comes from Max Wolf who studied high proper motion stars and kept a catalog of them. It's motion can be seen over the years across the sky.
Barnard's Star is a red dwarf star located 6 light years away in the constellation of Ophiuchus. Despite being relatively close, it is unable to be seen with out a telescope due to its dim nature. Being close by, and due to its motion, it displays the highest proper motion across the sky of any discovered star. That is, it appears to move across the sky faster than any other star.
I attempt to image it every year to show its motion across the sky.
Trappist 1 is an dim ultra cool red dwarf star located 39 light years away in the constellation of Aquarius. In size, it is only slightly larger than Jupiter but more massive. Despite only being 39 light years away, due to its size and type, it is a dim 18.8 magnitude in the "V" (Green) band and 16.5 magnitude in "R" (Red) band. It is suspected of having seven terrestrial planets orbiting it, detected by transits of the planets across the star's disk. Several could be in a zone where liquid water could exist.
Imaged with the ES127 refractor and Atik 314L+ mono ccd camera.
Barnard's Star is a low mass red dwarf star 6 light years away from Earth. It's biggest claim to fame is it displays the highest proper motion of any star. Proper motion is the apparent motion across the sky from our viewpoint here on Earth. This is mainly due to its relative closeness and speed and direction of travel in the galaxy. The image is a composite of images taken in July 2014 and merged with an image in July 2018. It's motion in the sky is apparent. Despite its closeness, being a low mass red dwarf star, its apparent magnitude in the sky is 9.5, requiring a telescope to see it. The star is an estimated 7-12 billion years old, and as a red dwarf it will live a very long lifetime. It will make its closest approach in the year 11,800 AD at 3.75 light years.
HD164595 is a G type star located in the constellation of Hercules. It is thought to have at least one planet roughly a mass of 16 times of Earth. It's claim to fame came in 2016 when a Russian team detected a signal from that area of the sky in 2015. No other signals have been detected. It is though what they found was a signal from a uncategorized Russian satellite. Maybe next time?
Image taken with the 80 mm refractor using R/G/B filters.
Barnard's Star is a low mass red dwarf star located in the constellation of Ophiuchus. It is an old star at an estimated age of 7 to 12 billion years of age. Red dwarfs such as this one can "burn" for a trillion years. Even at it's advanced age, it can produce flares, which are random, dramatic increases of brightness lasting many minutes.
Barnard's Star displays the highest proper motion of any of the stars due to its closeness at only 6 light years and its actual motion through space. It's movement is quite noticeable even at a years interval.
It's motion will bring it to within 3.75 light years distance from Earth at around 11,800 AD.
The animated image gif shows the motion over a two year span taken a few weeks ago, and summer two years ago.
All images were taken by my 80 mm refractor and monochrome ccd.